The Siamese cat is undoubtedly the best known of the house cats; its elegance and character apart make it a companion with many qualities. As long as we know how to respect his strong personality and his desires which are sometimes close to whim, the Siamese never disappoints his master, to whom he is very close, and devotes endless affection to his family. Known to be very communicative with humans, he is sometimes a little too talkative: this is his only flaw! Find out everything you need to know about this sophisticated prince of cats, who will not fail to surprise you with his intelligence, his beauty and his lively temperament!
- Size: average (30 cm)
- Weight: 2 to 6 kg
- Coat: short, fine texture
- Color: colourpoint and variants
- Life expectancy: 11 to 15 years
- Gestation period: 65 days
Description and characteristics of the Siamese cat
The Siamese has a very specific physique and coat that allow him to be recognized at first glance; her sapphire blue eyes give her a deep and unique look. It is a cat with an oriental type physiognomy, that is to say all in length and with a fine frame. Its head is triangular, with a long muzzle, and also wears triangular ears, wide at the base. The eyes, almond shaped, are tapered and tilted towards the nose.
The characteristic dress admits all colour point variants; the extremities – ears, nose, legs – are darker in colour than the rest of the body. The base colour can go from cream to gray, sometimes tending to brown with the chocolate point ends. The legs are small and oval in shape, the tail slender, long and pointed. The hair is very fine, pressed against the body.
Origins and history of the Siamese breed
Cats possessing all the characteristics of the Siamese – light coat, black mask, blue eyes – have been known for centuries in Thailand (formerly the kingdom of Siam). Very old manuscripts mention these cats, but they were not introduced to the West until the end of the nineteenth century. The breed’s first appearance was at a cat show held at Crystal Palace in London; they were quickly exported and prized in the United States. The Siamese contributed to the creation of many other breeds that appeared previously: Balinese, Himalayan, Havana … Its ancestor the Wichienmaat (known as the Thai cat) is widespread in Thailand, where many myths tell of the birth of the breed.
Character and behaviour of the Siamese cat
The Siamese is often described as a “cat-dog”. With an endearing and playful character, it is a good companion for single people or families with children, provided they know how to play without heckling.
The Siamese can be shy with strangers: it is important to keep small hiding places in the house where he will be able to isolate himself during visits. He adapts well to apartment life, loving comfort, but a garden is still recommended because it is full of energy. Otherwise, you will have to devote time to games, offer him a cat tree, and brush him regularly to strengthen ties with him.
How to take care of your Siamese cat
The maintenance of the Siamese does not pose any particular problem: only regular brushing is necessary, at least once a month, at best, every one to two weeks. If he does not go out, it is important to trim his claws from time to time with a suitable tool (cat nail clippers that can be obtained in pet stores and grooming salons). The Siamese can sometimes suffer from urinary disorders, or will therefore make sure to provide them with fresh and clean water at all times. It is also essential to clean his litter box daily so that he does not hesitate to use it. Some individuals may have lung disease (asthma) and liver or heart disease for genetic reasons
The Siamese, like all cats, needs a regular feeding rhythm and a diet adapted to his nutritional needs; if it is sterilized and spends little time, it will be necessary to limit the quantities so that it does not become overweight. We will avoid giving it only mashes: it is better to supplement with suitable croquettes, if possible recommended by the veterinarian – avoid supermarket products because purebred cats have fragile stomachs.
Be careful with milk and cream-based products, which they love, but which are not easily digestible for him. As treats, we prefer products designed for this purpose which have the advantage of making him chew and therefore strengthen his teeth; we can also give it small pieces of cartilage, chicken or other poultry, but avoid at all costs anything that contains bones and limit human food.