Insects, cereals, seeds, plants, your hamster enjoys all foods. If it is considered a vegetarian omnivore, your hamster also needs animal protein to live healthy lives. You have a duty to provide him with a balanced and wise food.
Your hamster is not a difficult eater.
In general, it lacks everything. It is considered an omnivore that does not eat in large quantities. So you have to bring him a varied menu without feeding him. Here are our tips for your rodent’s meals.
The needs of your Hamster
Your hamster’s energy needs depend largely on his daily physical expense. It goes without saying that a hamster flémard and used to rest rather than run will have less need for energy than the one that will multiply the wheel turns, climbings and other cabrioles.
Your hamster needs 15% protein, 5% fat and half a dozen vitamins every day. Minerals must also be distilled, such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium or Zinc.
Frequency and Stock of Food
Your hamster should be fed once a day. If possible, try to give him his ration at regular time. Indeed, he eats continuously, day and night. His ration should not be too large or too thin. There is not necessarily a rule in this area. Draw on your experience. If the food is almost absent the next day, it is because the ration is satisfactory.
However, beware of an empty bowl. Your hamster has jowls that allow it to store food. He particularly enjoys transporting them and building abundant reserves. After that, he will have to eat them. Check for potential hiding places and remove stored food that could be out of date or damaged.
Rich and Varied Food
Seeds are your hamster’s favourite foods. Moreover, his diet will consist mainly of a granular mixture (about 15g. per day). However, this mixture could also cause your hamster to sort. Don’t hesitate to choose pellets,which cover your rodent’s food needs. These dry foods should not be stored for more than 6 months or they rot.
Its diet may be supplemented, if necessary, with animal foods (once a week on average) in case of a protein deficiency in its seeds, or even a simple hard-boiled egg or yoghurt (a simple drop). So your hamster can ingest a small piece of ham.
In addition,your hamster can ingest:
- Several cereals such as wheat, sunflower, squash. Initially, you can germinate these cereals outside your rodent’s cage. You will get used to this food gradually. Then you can leave the plantations in his cage.
- Fodder and herbs. Do not hesitate to spread fodder in the cage of your hamster as well as herbs such as mint, parsley, dandelion.
- Vegetables washed, raw or cooked like cucumber or carrot. Be careful, all in extremely small quantities (a quarter of a slice of cucumber for example) and at room temperature, or risk causing diarrhea in your rodent. Strawberries, pears and bananas can also be introduced into your hamster’s diet, as can melon and watermelon. Remember to remove all the glitches.
Hydrate Your Hamster
If your hamster needs a rich and varied food, it should also hydrate properly. A wild hamster has less water requirements. While your domestic hamster may suffer from dehydration, especially in periods of high heat.
Indeed, your hamster does not sweat. In fact, its internal temperature is difficult to regulate. You can start by installing your hamster’s cage in a cool room in your home. Then you will fill his bottle with water at room temperature.
To moisturize it, don’t hesitate to give it fresh vegetables and fruits rich in water.
Sweets are too sweet and fatty for your hamster. This will promote his obesity. Thus, in addition to sweets, milk and chocolate are also prohibited. Opt for a dry fruit,much appreciated by your rodent.
What’s more, be careful not to give too much food to your hamster. Its daily intake should be limited to about 10 grams per 100 grams of weight of your hamster.
Foods not to Eat
Some foods are toxic to your hamster, others should be avoided or risk promoting obesity.
- Green shoots on tomatoes
- The cytise
Foods to avoid:
- Raw egg
- Raw meat
- Fruit seeds (cyanide can kill)
- Sunflower seeds in large quantities and peanut
In a Nutshell
Your hamster eats everything, but in small quantities. You must make sure to give him only one ration a day, which he will spread over the whole of his day and night. Your hamster’s diet consists of:
- Grains, seeds
- Animal protein
- Vegetables and fruits
Be careful not to overfeed your hamster or give it treats that are harmful to your hamster because it promotes its obesity. At the same time, pay attention to its hydration, especially during periods of high heat.